About Dhaka, Bangladesh

Quick Look

Bangladesh is a small country of south Asia.lt has a large population over 150 millions. Though it is a small country but its natural beauty is really awesome.
There are many beautiful pBangladesh. Cox'sesh.Cox's Bazar,Saint martin, Sundarban, Kuakata, Jaflong, Tea Garden, Himchori, Madhabkundu, Rangamati and Bandarban
hill tracks are the most beautiful places.
Location : Southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between Myanmar and India.
Area: total : 144,000 sq km.; land: 133,910 sq km. ; water: 10,090 sq km.
Dialing code: 880
Currency: Bangladeshi taka (1.00 USD = 81.2269 BDT ,Ref- http://www.xe.com/ucc/convert/?Amount=1&From=USD&To=BDT)
Land boundaries : border countries: Burma 193 km, India 4,053 km
Climate : Tropical; mild winter (October to March); hot, humid summer
(March to June); humid, warm rainy monsoon (June to October)
Natural resources : Natural gas, arable land, timber, coal.
Irrigated land : 38,440 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards : droughts. cyclones; much of the country routinely flooded during the summer monsoon season.
21 Feb, the National Mourning Day and the World Mother Language Day
21 February is observed throughout the country to pay respect and homage to the sacred souls of the martyrs' of Language Movement of 1952. Very recently the day has been declared World Mother Language Day by UNESCO.
Independence Day
March 26 is the day of Independence of Bangladesh. It is the biggest state festival.

Victory Day
On this day, 16 December, Bangladesh came into real existence. People observe this as the Victory day.

Pahela Baishakh
The advent of Bengali New Year is gaily observed throughout the country. Most colorful daylong gatherings along with arrangement of cultural programme and traditional Panta at Ramna Park, is a special feature of Pahela Baishakh.







Dhaka: Dhaka is the capital of Bangladesh. Located on the banks of the River Buriganga, the city has a population of about 7 million, making it one of the largest cities in the region. It has a colourful history and known as the 'City of Mosques.' Modern Dhaka is the center of political, cultural and economic life in Bangladesh.

The existence of urbanized settlements in the area that is now Dhaka dates from the 7th century. The city area was ruled by the Buddhist kingdom of Kamarupa and the Pala Empire before passing to the control of the Hindu Sena dynasty in the 9th century. After the Sena dynasty, Dhaka was successively ruled by the Turkish and Afghan governors descending from the Delhi Sultanate before the arrival of the Mughals in 1608.

Under Mughal rule in the 17th century, the city was also known as Jahangir Nagar, and was both a provincial capital and a centre of the worldwide muslin trade. The development of modern city was started under British rule in the 19th century, and soon became the second-largest city in Bengal after Calcutta (presently Kolkata). After the partition of India in 1947, Dhaka became the administrative capital of East Pakistan, and later, in 1972, the capital of an independent Bangladesh.

The development of townships and a significant growth in population came as the city was proclaimed the capital of Bengal under Mughal rule in 1608. The main expansion of the city took place under Mughal general Shaista Khan. The city then measured 19 by 13 kilometres (12 by 8 mi), with a population of nearly a million people.  The city passed to the control of the British East India Company in 1765 after the Battle of Plassey.

Transport : Rickshaw. Autorickshaw, Taxi, Bus, Train, Steamer, Boat etc. are the main public transports.

Food : Although western and Chinese foods are available, the vistor will miss a new experience if he/she leaves the country without tasting delicious sub-continental food. Rice being the staple food. Preparations are abundant in variety. "Pulao" being the favourite among the rice dishes. The mixed preparation of rice and meat, "Biriyani" is very popular. One can take his own choice of mutton, chicken and beef dishes. Some of the palatable meat preparations are 'Sheekh Kabab', Tikka Kabab', 'Jali Kabab', 'Shami Kabab' etc.

In the innumerable rivers and rivulets of Bangladesh fishes in hundreds of varieties abound. Fish preparations are therefore an essential part of Bangla cusine. Smoked Hilsha is a favourite dish liked by the foreigners in particular. Lobsters, Prawns and Shrimps are there just for asking. Vegetable dishes are also in plenty.
Desserts, generally prepared from Rice or Milk products or combination of both, mixed with sugar is very delicious. Some of the local varities of desserts are "Rosogolla", "Channcham", "Pranhara", "Kalojam" and "Sandesh", all made from the combination of milk and sugar.
Shopping : Bangladesh is reputed for her handicrafts. Exquisite handmade articles in a large variety are readily available and prices are cheap. Cottage industry products like printed sarees, pink pearls, woodproducts, coconut masks, folk dolls, horn products, Shital Pati (mattress having cooling effect), terra-cotta, toys and jute products for decorative purpose are very typical of Bangladesh. Brass wares, delicate silver trinkets, beautiful objects of ivory, embroidered silk sarees, scarves, purses, bamboo decoration pieces, cane & shell products, gold and silver ornaments, jute carpets and other attractive handicrafts can be bought in the shops at the handicraft sales centres and galleries in the cities and also at tourist spots.
But what really steals the heart of a lady are the rich brocades, the silk and cotton sarees embroidered with silver and golden thread. And who has not heard of the famous "Muslin" of Dhaka which used to be the favourite of the Royalities, are still available.
Banks : Banks remain open from 09:00 hrs to 17:00 hrs from Sunday to Thursday.
Immigration and Entry Requirements : A valied visa is essential. However on special situation Immigration Department may be requested for issue of short term visa to the delegates of other countries on receiving prior information.
When Leaving Bangladesh : A foreign national needs to pay Taka 300 (about US$ 4.41) as Embarkation fee at the airport. Handicrafts and other Bangladeshi products (except Archaeological ones) can be carried out.